Turkish military enters Syria against ISIS

A reason why the US-led “coalition” against the Islamic State, which depends on air strikes, hasn’t seen much success in routing the fundamentalist apocalyptic jihadists, is the absence from the coalition of two major powers in the Middle East — Egypt and Turkey.

With the recent ISIS beheading of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians in Libya, the government of Egypt is now aroused. Now, Turkey too has entered the fray against ISIS, albeit to rescue besieged troops guarding a tomb.

Turkish tanks at an army parade

Turkish tanks at an army parade

Suzan Fraser reports from Ankara, Turkey, for the AP that yesterday, Feb. 21, 2015, hundreds of Turkish troops backed by tanks took part in an overnight operation into neighboring Syria to evacuate dozens of besieged soldiers stuck for months guarding the tomb of the grandfather of the founder of the Ottoman Empire, as well as remove the remains from the tomb amid fears the shrine was threatened by Islamic State militants.

The mission was the first such major military incursion by Turkey since the Syrian conflict began in March 2011.

The tomb housed the remains of Suleyman Shah, the grandfather of Osman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. The site along the Euphrates River is revered by Turkey, a strongly nationalist country whose rights there stem from a 1921 treaty with France, then the colonial power in Syria. The Ottoman Empire collapsed in the early 20th century after World War I.

Shah, a Turkic leader, is believed to have drowned in the Euphrates in the 13th century. His followers headed north into what is today Turkey, where they established the Ottoman Empire. Some historians question official accounts about Shah’s tomb, saying they might have been retrospectively concocted to enrich an imperial identity for Turks.

In the 1970s, Turkey moved Shah’s mausoleum to its last location because the old site at a castle further south in Syria was to be inundated by the waters of a new dam.

Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said nearly 600 Turkish soldiers on some 100 tanks and armored personnel carriers crossed into Syria near the border town of Kobani late Saturday, as drones and airplanes flew reconnaissance missions overhead.

One group traveled to the tomb, some 35 kilometers (22 miles) from Turkey on the banks of the Euphrates River in Syria’s embattled Aleppo province. Another group seized an area only 200 meters (yards) from the Turkish border in Syria’s Ashma region to be the new home for the tomb, according to a statement from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s office.

Syria & TurkeyOne soldier was killed in an “accident” during the operation, Turkey’s military said.

Davutoglu said troops destroyed the complex once housing the tomb. Turkish media later showed nationalistic images of three Turkish soldiers raising the country’s flag at the new site.

The U.S.-led coalition forces were informed of the Turkish operation after its launch to prevent any casualties, Davutoglu said.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, while in London, spoke by telephone Sunday with Turkey’s foreign minister and expressed condolences over the Turkish soldier killed during the operation. The State Department said the U.S. and Turkey were in close and continuing coordination on developments in Syria, including intelligence sharing.

In a statement carried by the state news agency, Syria’s Foreign Ministry denounced the Turkish operation, calling it a “flagrant aggression” and that the mission demonstrated “the depth of ties” between Turkey and the Islamic State group. Syria routinely accuses Turkey of supporting the extremist group.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Ankara had notified Syria before the operation that it was vacating the tomb temporarily, and that it would return to the area when it is “ready” to do so. “We got permission from no one, we conducted it with our own initiative,” he said.

Iran’s deputy foreign minister, Hossein Amir Abdollahian, said there is no justification for Turkey’s military action. Tehran is a close ally of Syria.

Rumors had swirled for months that the soldiers stationed at the tomb had been besieged by militants from the Islamic State group, which hold a third of Syria and neighboring Iraq in their self-declared caliphate. Some 40 Turkish soldiers once guarded the tomb, making them a target for IS and other militant groups in Syria’s long-running civil war, though the overnight operation apparently saw no fighting.

Turkey has wanted Syrian President Bashar Assad overthrown and has backed some rebels fighting against him. Earlier this week, Turkey signed an agreement with the U.S. to train and arm Syrian rebels fighting the Islamic State group.

With its 1,200-kilometer (750-mile) border with Syria, Turkey could be a major player in the fight against the Islamic State group. But negotiations with the U.S. over what to do about the militants have been fraught with disagreement – with Turkey insisting that the coalition needs to also target the Assad government.

Turkey also has had concerns over some of the Kurdish fighters battling the Islamic State group in Kobani. It views the Kurds fighting in Syria as an extension of the Kurdistan Worker’s Party, which has waged a 30-year insurgency against the Turkish government and is designated as a terrorist group by the U.S. and NATO.

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4 responses to “Turkish military enters Syria against ISIS

  1. In a posting here a few days ago, I wrote that “The earlier beheadings could have been staged, but those of the Coptic Christians were all-too-real, as witness Egypt’s official reactions, in a majority Islamic nation. Heads will roll again in Egypt, but it’s more likely to be one of the crazies’ own. It won’t be the first time Egypt has put down a mad dog Muslim, which is why the US continues to support it, and may increase its aid.”

    Now we see both Egypt & Turkey FINALLY doing something positive in reaction to the crazies, albeit too late for the earlier dead victims. Turkey especially has been such an ‘on again, off again’ ally that the US could have likely done as well w/o it, and perhaps ditto for Egypt, except for the Canal, which has now lost most of the importance it had when I was a child sixty years ago.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Dennis H Bennett

    As Edrogan and Obama’s CIA have covertly been supplying “rebels” for some time against Assad, I’m convinced that part of this alliance is being used as a cover to target Assad, using the “justification to stop ISIS” money request to Congress.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. I would not regret the destruction of Osman’s tomb by ISIS. That would achieve multiple goals: the weakening, if not the destruction, of ISIS and some revenge for the slaughter of the Armenian
    Christians by the Turks. Such a conflict within Islam could set it back for centuries and undermine Obama’s agenda.
    The Hospitaller.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. The present circumstances in the troubled Middle East highlights the inability of the present administration to seize the initiative in a region that cries out for stability. What the war against Islamic State terrorists requires is an effective ground force to deny them the ability to hold landscape. With Egypt and Turkey both aroused, it is lamentable that the United States has been unable to engage them both against IS. Egypt and Turkey could deploy credible land forces that together with U.S. air power would have the potential required to defeat our mutual enemy. That would require strategic sophistication on Washington’s part together with a consistent and responsive policy. That the administration cannot succeed in doing that — even though Turkey is a member of NATO and Egypt has been a major recipient of U.S. security support for decades — is a sad commentary on the ineffectiveness of our State Department and our security councilors.

    Liked by 2 people

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