As China-VN relations worsen, U.S. Navy seeks stronger ties with Vietnam

South China Sea

Greg Torode reports for Reuters, May 15, 2014

The U.S. navy renewed calls on Thursday for more ship visits to Vietnam against the backdrop of a dramatic breakdown in relations between Vietnam and its giant neighbor, China.

The Seventh Fleet, which guards U.S. interests in the Pacific, restated its desire for stronger naval ties with Vietnam in a statement sent to Reuters, just as Hanoi looked to be running out of options in its territorial row with Beijing.

Anti-China riots broke out this week in Vietnam, killing more than 20 people and setting fire to factories perceived to have been Chinese-owned, after China towed a giant oil rig into waters claimed by both nations in the South China Sea.

“We are interested in engaging with all our partners in the South China Sea and would welcome increased port visits with Vietnam,” fleet spokesman Commander William Marks said in an emailed response to questions about U.S. naval relations with Vietnam.

The United States and Vietnam have been gradually deepening military ties in the face of what they perceive as Chinese expansion in the South China Sea, but Hanoi has so far limited U.S. port calls to one visit of up to three ships each year.

Vietnamese military officials say they are intensifying talks with U.S. counterparts over deeper naval engagement, but are sensitive to China’s reaction to this development.

“We’re talking to U.S. but it is too early to say how the tensions now will change our approach,” one Vietnamese military source said. “We have a lot to consider.”

Alarmed at China’s military rise and territorial assertiveness, Vietnam has broadened a host of military relationships in recent years, most notably with its Cold War-era patron,Russia, and India.

Vietnamese military officials also keep close ties with the Philippines, which is also locked in a worsening territorial dispute with China in the South China Sea.

China and Vietnam fought a brief but bloody border war in 1979, and clashed at sea in 1988, when China occupied its first holdings in the strategic Spratly islands.

The U.S. navy is also keen for more extensive exercises with Vietnam’s expanding navy, which now includes state-of-the-art Russian-built ships and Kilo-class submarines.

A search-and-rescue exercise off Vietnam’s central coast last year marked the first time ships from the two navies had maneuvered together.

“Any time we can increase the complexity of an exercise, it improves the communication and interoperability between our navies,” Marks said.

“The overall goal is improved security and stability in the region, and working together is a big part of that.”

U.S. military officials said the U.S. navy had not changed deployments due to the Sino-Vietnamese crisis but was conducting daily surveillance flights over the South China Sea.

The Seventh Fleet’s command ship, the USS Blue Ridge, and a destroyer are also currently in the South China Sea.

Carl Thayer, an expert on the Vietnamese military at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, said he believed Hanoi should seize any opportunity to expand military engagement with the United States, including intelligence sharing.

“At this point, kissing up to the U.S. has got to be in Vietnam’s long-term interests, as well as being a vital tactic in the short-term,” he said. “It is one of the only options Vietnam’s got right now.”



5 responses to “As China-VN relations worsen, U.S. Navy seeks stronger ties with Vietnam

  1. A. James Gregor, Ph.D. & Professor

    In the complex environment of the South China Sea, the United States is obliged to employ discretion for a number of reasons:

    (1) the countries threatened by China are all fearful that Washington may not be a constant, committed partner against Beijing (both Hanoi and Manila have reason to be skeptical about the American commitment). They are afraid that if they antagonize China, the United States may not be there as a serious ally.

    (2) Russia’s recent grand visit to Shanghai revealed that the Sino-Russian strategic alliance is more semblance than substance (with Russia selling advanced weapons platforms to Hanoi; the economic arrangements were no more than were anticipated for a decade; and the military cooperation was more display than functional). Beijing has long standing claims on the Russian Far East (which is a major source of the fuel over which Moscow and Beijing have been negotiating) There is no reason to believe that Putin plans to enhance Beijing’s disposition or capabilities.

    In effect, the South China Sea is in play. and offers the United states some opportunity to enhance its security in the West and Southwest Pacific. With sufficient strength and strategic sense the United States could benefit.


  2. “The enemy of my enemy is my friend.” – Realpolitik 101.
    If Obama’s advisors have any concept of world power balances, (which he obviously doesn’t) we can have valuable allies in the region. I’d like to see a rebirth of SEATO, anchored on India and Australia – with the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia as partners. They all need to heed the words of Benjamin Franklin – “Gentlemen, if we do not hang together, we will surely all hang separately.”


  3. Vietnamese actually like us better than the Chinese and certainly the French…


  4. Thank you StMA for this interesting post. The United States is in a tenuous position timing wise, and what we do in this situation will have such an important effect upon our country and the world. Under this administration, I do not have any positive expectations for obvious reasons.


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