Reuters, reports that Vietnam’s foreign ministry said that on May 4, 2014, a Chinese vessel intentionally rammed two Vietnamese ships in a part of the disputed South China Sea where Beijing has deployed a giant oil rig, sending tensions spiraling in the region. Dozens of navy and coastguard vessels from both countries are in the area.
(See the NYT‘s article on the oil rig, “In High Seas, China Moves Unilaterally.”)
Hanoi said the collisions caused considerable damage to the Vietnamese ships, injuring six people.
Tran Duy Hai, a foreign ministry official and deputy head of Vietnam’s national border committee, told a news conference in Hanoi, “On May 4, Chinese ships intentionally rammed two Vietnamese Sea Guard vessels. Chinese ships, with air support, sought to intimidate Vietnamese vessels. Water cannon was used.” Six other ships were also hit, other officials said, but not as badly.
“No shots have been fired yet,” said a Vietnamese navy official, who could not be identified because he was not authorized to speak to media. “Vietnam won’t fire unless China fires first.”
Vietnam is usually careful about public comments against China, with which it had bilateral trade surpassing $50 billion in 2013. However, Hanoi has strongly condemned the operation of the drilling rig in what it says are its waters in the South China Sea, and told China’s state-run oil company CNOOC to remove it.
An oil industry official in China said the deployment of the rig owned by China’s CNOOC oil company to waters near Vietnam appeared to be a political decision rather than a commercial one. “This reflected the will of the central government and is also related to the U.S. strategy on Asia,” said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue. “It is not commercially driven. It is also not like CNOOC has set a big exploration blueprint for the region.” However, Wu Shicun, president of the National Institute for South China Sea Studies, a government think-tank in the southern province of Hainan, said China was unlikely to pay much heed to Vietnamese concerns. “If we stop our work there as soon as Vietnam shouts, China will not be able to achieve anything in the South China Sea,” Wu said. “We have lost a precious opportunity to drill for oil and gas in the Spratlys. Also this time we are drilling in Xisha (Paracel Islands), not Nansha (Spratlys), there is no territorial dispute there. I think China will keep moving ahead with its plan (in Xisha), no matter what Vietnam says and does.”
The Vietnam-China row comes days after U.S. President Barack Obama visited Asia to promote a strategic “pivot” toward the Asia-Pacific region and to underline his commitment to allies there, including Japan and the Philippines, both locked in territorial disputes with China.
China has not yet responded to the Vietnamese allegations of ramming, but Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said earlier on Wednesday that the deployment of the rig had nothing to do with the United States or Vietnam. “The United States has no right to complain about China’s activities within the scope of its own sovereignty,” she said.
China claims almost the entire South China Sea, rejecting rival claims from Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei.
TENSIONS WITH PHILIPPINES
Tensions are also brewing in another part of the South China Sea where Beijing has demanded the Philippines release a Chinese fishing boat and its crew seized on May 6.
Chief Superintendent Noel Vargas of the Philippine National Police Maritime Group said a maritime police patrol apprehended a Chinese fishing boat around 7 a.m. on Tuesday off Half Moon Shoal in the Spratly Islands.
The boat has 11 crew and police found about 350 turtles in the vessel, some of which were already dead, a police report said, adding that a Philippine boat with crew was also seized, and found to have 70 turtles on board. Several species of sea turtles are protected under Philippine law.
Maritime police are now towing the boats to Puerto Princesa town on the island of Palawan where appropriate charges will be filed against them, Vargas said.
Chinese ministry spokeswoman Hua said the Philippines had to release the boat and the fishermen, “China’s Foreign Ministry and China’s ambassador to the Philippines have made representations to the Philippines side, demanding that it provide a rational explanation and immediately release the people and the vessel. We once again warn the Philippines not to take any provocative actions,” adding that China had “indisputable sovereignty” over the Spratly Islands.
Tran Duy Hai, the Vietnamese foreign ministry official, raised the possibility of Hanoi taking the dispute to international arbitration. “We cannot exclude any measures, including international legal action, as long as it is peaceful. We are a peace-loving nation that has experienced many wars,” he said. “If this situation goes too far, we will use all measures in line with international law to protect our territory. We have limitations, but we will stand up to any Chinese aggression.”
The Philippines has already taken its dispute with China to an international arbitration tribunal in The Hague.
- “Pentagon official: U.S. budget will not allow an Asia pivot,” March, 2014.
- “China threatens war in South and East China Seas,” Jan. 13, 2014.
- “Chinese warship tries to stop U.S. warship in So. China Sea’s international waters,” Dec. 13, 2013.
- “PLA activities in First Island Chain,” September 14, 2013